Most children have different dental and behavioural needs than adults. Our pediatric dentists have extensive training, experience and certification. They are dedicated to the oral health of children from infancy through the teenage years. Our general dentists have chosen to work with children because they love your child and want to make their visit a fun and rewarding experience. Together, by building a foundation of trust, we strive to ensure that each child has the most positive experience possible.
Throughout your life you will have two sets of teeth: primary or "baby" teeth and secondary or permanent teeth. Many teeth begin forming before a child is born with primary teeth developing at 6-8 weeks in utero and some permanent teeth start to develop by week 20 in utero. Usually babies get their first tooth between 6-10 months of age. This will usually be the lower central incisors (the bottom front teeth). By the age of three, all the baby teeth should be in the mouth. See our eruption chart. This is a guideline and every child is different.
Permanent teeth will usually begin to erupt into the mouth around the age of six. All the permanent teeth, except for wisdom teeth should be in the mouth by ages 12-14.
Sealants are a white resin material that is placed on the grooves of the chewing surface of the permanent molars. The grooves are difficult to clean, no matter how much a child brushes. By placing the sealants, we are decreasing the chances of getting decay by approximately 60 %. Once these sealants are placed, they usually last around 3 years. We check the sealants at every check-up and when they begin to wear we will replace them.
Stainless Steel Crowns
Stainless steel crowns are prefabricated and are adapted to the child's individual teeth. They are used when there is gross decay, decalcification and developmental defects are present. They are also used if your child has to have a pulptomy that weakens the tooth and makes them prone to fracture. These crowns will usually last until the permanent tooth erupts.
A pulpotomy is a procedure that requires partial removal of the nerve tissue due to excessive amount of decay. The remaining vital tissue is then treated to preserve the function of the tooth. Then a stainless steel crown is placed over the tooth.
The best space maintenance is the preservation of the primary molars until they are lost naturally. Sometimes, when the teeth are unrestorable or infected, the tooth (or teeth) have to be extracted. The purpose of the space maintainers is to hold space for the developing permanent teeth.